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Scanned original

Xuan Jiang was the Marquis of Qi's daughter, and Duke Xuan of Wei's wife.

Initially, Duke Xuan's wife Yi Jiang gave birth to Jizi, who was made crown prince,

then the duke married again with a woman from Qi, named Xuan Jiang, who gave birth to Shou and Shuo.

When Yi Jiang died, Xuan jiang wanted to make Shou the crown prince, and plotted with Shou's younger brother, Shuo, against Jizi.

The duke sent Jizi to Qi, and Xuan Jiang secretly sent a hired thug to wait at Jizi at the border and kill him. She said:

"When someone with four horses and a white flag arrive, make sure to kill him!"

Shou heard of this and informed the crown prince, saying: "the crown prince should escape!"

Jizi said: "I can't. If I discarded my father's order, then I would be a very bad son!"

Shou thought that the crown prince would go for sure, so he got him drunk, took his flag and went. The bandit killed him.

Jizi sobered up and could not find his flag, so at once he went to pursue Shou, who was already dead.

Jizi was pained by the fact that Shou had died for him, and said to the bandit:

"The one you wish to kill is me, what offense had he committed? Please kill me." The bandit killed him, too.

When these two had died, Shuo was made crown prince, and upon the death of Duke Xuan, Shuo became Duke Hui.

Duke Hui never got any descendants, and chaos reigned for five generations. It was not until the reign of Duke Dai there was peace.

The Ode says: "that he was such a man! -- his reputation is no good," this applies here.
Note: from Bernhard Karlgren's translation of 日月 (ode 29).



Translation by James Legge (The Chinese Classics: The Ch'un Ts'ew with the Tso Chuen, p. 66)

In the eleventh month, Shuo, marquis of Wei, fled to Qi.




Long before this, duke Xuan of Wei had committed incest with Yi Jiang, the produce of which was Jizi, the charge of whom he entrusted to Zhu, his father's son by the occupant of the right of the harem. In course of time, he made an engagement for Jizi with one of the princesses of Qi, but took her to himself in consequence of her beauty. She gave birth to two sons, Shou and Shuo, the former of whom he gave in charge to his father's son by the occupant of the left of the harem. Yi Jiang strangled herself; and Xuan Jiang and Shuo plotted against Jizi, till the duke sent him on a mission to Qi, employing ruffians to wait for him at Xin, and put him to death. Shou told Jizi of the scheme, and urged him to go to some other state; but he refused, saying, "If I disobey my father's command, how can I use the name of son? If there were any State without fathers, I might go there." As he was about to set out, Shou made him drunk, took his flag, and went on before him. The ruffians killed him, and then came Jizi, crying out "It was I whom ye sought? What crime had he? Please kill me." The ruffians killed him also. On this account, the two brothers of Xuan cherished resentment against duke Hui and raised Quanmou to the marquisate, when Hui fled to Qi.


構 (gou4)to plot against
度 (du4)to consider, to calculate
奪 (duo2)to snatch, to rob
旄 (mao2)flag
遽 (ju4)at once
痛 (tong4)to be pained by
竟 (jing4)in the end