Queen Chang was a singer (chang) from Handan, and King Daoxiang of Zhao's queen.
Previously there had been a struggle in her family. When she became a widow, King Daoxiang wanted to marry her for her beauty.
Li Mu remonstrated, saying: "You can not. Women who are not upright, are the reason why a state is overthrown and without peace.
This woman's family has been in disorder, oh great king, do you not fear her?"
The king said: "Disorder or not, I am the one in charge." Then he married her.
Earlier, the queen of Daoxiang gave birth to crown prince Jia.
When the Queen Chang joined the royal family she received the surname Ji, and gave birth to Qian.
Queen Chang then became a favorite of the king, and secretly slandered the queen and the crown prince before him.
She sent men to offend the crown prince and provoke a crime.
The king then discarded crown prince Jia, and made Qian the new crown prince. He demoted the queen and made Chang Ji the new queen.
When King Daoxiang died, Qian became King Youmin.
Queen Chang was acting improperly, had an affair with Lord Chunping, received many bribes from the state of Qin
and made the king execute his good general, the lord of Wu'an, Li Mu.
Afterwards the troops of Qin could enter, and nobody was able to reach Qian, who was captured by Qin. The state of Zhao was no more.
The dafus resented Queen Chang's slander of the crown prince and her killing of Li Mu,
so they killed her and exterminated her family, and collectively established prince Jia as successor.
After seven years, they were unable to defeat Qin. Zhao was then extinguished and made into a district of Qin.
The ode says: "a man without decorum, why does he not quickly die?" This applies here.
Note: from Bernhard Karlgren's translation of 相鼠 (ode 52). For the full translation, see the chapter on the two reckless women of Wei
|倡 (chang4)||to sing|
|陷 (xian4)||to fall into|
|黜 (chu4)||to demote|
|淫佚 (yin2 yi4)||unconventional|
|距 (ju4)||to reach|
|虜 (lu3)||to capture|
|郡 (jun4)||administrative district|